Amid worsening affordability in the U.S., people in the Washington, D.C., metro area have the most money left over after they pay their mortgage, according to a new Zillow analysis.
Assuming the median annual gross income and mortgage payment, homeowners in Washington, D.C., have almost $7,000 of their monthly income remaining after paying for their house, the most out of the 35 largest housing markets.
Residents of Los Angeles and Florida feel the pinch the most. Los Angeles homeowners have the least left over ($3,450) after paying their mortgage each month, followed by Miami, Tampa and Orlando. Renters in the three major Florida metros have the smallest pools of remaining spending money after they pay rent, with Los Angeles following just behind. The outlook is even bleaker for those in Los Angeles when California’s substantial income tax rates are considered.
“A good-paying job with career growth potential often comes with expensive housing, leaving less for life’s other essentials,” said Skylar Olsen, Zillow Director of Economic Research. “Finding that balance where housing costs leave a comfortable amount of spending money is tricky, especially when the prices of life’s non-housing essentials also vary widely by market.”
Overall affordability for home buyers worsened last year due to rising mortgage rates and continued strong home value appreciation throughout most of 2018. At its November peak, the average 30-year fixed rate in the U.S. had increased to 4.94% from 3.95% at the beginning of the year. However, mortgage rates have reversed course in recent weeks and dipped below 4.4% and home value appreciation is cooling rapidly – a signal that mortgage affordability could improve in the coming months.
A mortgage payment on the typical home in the U.S. required 17.5% of the median income in Q4 2018. This is up from 15.4% in the last quarter of 2017 but still below the historic average of 21% from the late 1980s and 1990s. Using this traditional measure of housing affordability, less expensive Midwest markets such as Pittsburgh, St. Louis and Cincinnati top the list.